There are many questions about chronic diseases, some people associate them with the stress of work, environment, social pressure, family problems, poor diet or as something hereditary, it is really difficult to know the causes, but a real fact is that chronicle diseases are one of the greatest challenges for the institutions in charge of health care in France, but this is mostly not only the responsibility of the French institutions but also of its population, which is estimated at 67,186,638 inhabitants on 1 January 2018, growing by 1 million people every 3 years, an average annual increase of 340,000 people, but with the increase in population, the economic challenges, the demand for goods, for social and medical services that raise for a population that grows together with the incidence of chronic diseases among the people, illnesses which are not declining, all the opposite, prevalence is high and is rising sharply and persisting over a long period of time. Chronic disease can hinder independence and the health of people, as it may create additional activity limitations and high financial expenses in medical treatments. People with chronic disease often think that they are free from the disease when they have no symptoms. Having no symptoms, however, does not necessarily mean that chronic disease has disappeared.

Healthcare Challenges

One of the greatest challenges that French healthcare professional institutions have been facing, since the beginning of the twenty-first century is the prevalence in much of the increase of chronic diseases, such as; chronic pulmonary disease heart failure, diabetes mellitus, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cognitive disorders—Alzheimer’s disease and cancers it is due to population ageing and the increase in life expectancy. Having a profound impact on the health and quality of the population, not to mention the financial burden often associated with tong-term illness. However, chronic disease can be prevented or controlled through 1) monitoring patients 2) regular participation in physical activity, 2) eating healthy, 3) not smoking, and 4) avoiding excessive alcohol consumption, other factors also play a significant role, some positive tips such as: (working-out, early checking up, and improvements in diagnostic techniques) which helps to reduce deaths from chronic diseases in a significant way among the population.

Impact of Chronical Diseases

There are also others with a negative impact, which increase the risk or factors to suffer a chronical disease such as: sedentary lifestyle, physical inactivity, overweight, and obesity; which makes the treatment of chronic patients difficult, thus increasing the death rate due to chronic diseases. as consequence, to face this heath issue, “more than 80 % of the hospital resources are devoted to the care of such chronical diseases and 70% of adults suffer from two or more diseases” according to Emmanuel Andres, member of the Hospital Civil, – Hopitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg in France. Illnesses which the World Health Organization in 2002 categorized as; the main chronical diseases that affect population: Cardiovascular disease 31%, Cancer 29 %, chronic respiratory disease 5%, other chronic diseases 19% and communicable maternal and perinatal nutritional deficiencies 6%. All this chronic diseases accounting for 86% of all deaths in 2002, these indicators show that the picture of cardiovascular disease and cancer in France prevalent, for this reason it is necessary to have full knowledge of the variation of health services demand as a function of cancer type, patient age and rehabilitation requirements. Once the demand for services is accurately assessed, services can be provided rationally according to available resources.

 In addition, for the French population as a whole, cancer and cardiovascular diseases has gradually become the main or leading cause of death since 2004. The latter, however, remains the leading cause of death in women. Therefore, of the 567 000 deaths observed in 2013, the most frequent causes were cancer with an average of 27.6% and cardiovascular disease with 25.1%, respectively, followed by respiratory system diseases, but in 2015, the standardized rate of cancer incidence was approximately 362 per 100,000 person-years in men and 273 in women. In short, cancer is taking many lives among the French population.

Prostate cancer, the most common cancer in men, and breast cancer, the most common cancer in women. Both charging many lives among the population, but the prognosis for these two cancers has improved considerably over time, together with improvements in early diagnosis. But lung cancer in women is also very unfavorable and marked by an increase in both incidence and mortality. Lung cancer survival rates are low and little improvement was observed between 1989 and 2010.  In 2013, the rate of mortality due to ischemic heart disease decreased more in men under 65 than in women. Hospitalizations for exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) increased between 2000 and 2014; between men and women tended to decrease. And The prevalence of diabetes (measured as the percentage of population pharmacologically treated for the disease) increased from 4.4% in 2010 to 4.7% in 2013, which reflects approximately 3 million people.

The Best Option Is Early Prevention

In short, France face a big chronical disease issue, not only with Cardiovascular and cancers diseases, but also with obesity despite France has been known for its slender people and longevity, Obesity in France is a growing everyday as a health issue. Growing in children at a faster rate than obesity in adults. but is not enough just to realize about this matter, health Care institution and population must work together to reduce these numbers, which could increase if it is not treated on time. it is necessary to take actions against chronical diseases, but the population also need to take part of the solution to reduce chronic diseases, they need an integrated information system, that allows them to recognize symptoms of a possible chronic disease to treat it in time, primary, but it must be promoted for all Frenches ( cliquez ici ), this way chronical diseases could be reduced and put attention to increasing trends among the populations. healthy diet and physical activities can also be promoted in all French cities or families, because the early prevention will be more effective and with less economic costs than the great expenses that treatment can generate for chronic patients.